Ancylecha fenestrata as cover in  the journal the royal society

Research

Ancylecha fenestrata as cover in the journal the royal society
Image: Dr. Jan Scherberich

In my lab, I bring together researchers interested in developing our understanding of how senses connect individuals with their environment. My own research focus lays on acoustic communication in mammals and insects. While most projects in my lab centre around this topic, we aim at exploring a wide range of sensorially driven behaviours in animals and humans.

Acoustic communication in bushcrickets

There are numerous acoustically communicating insects. This project deals with the diversity of the insect ears that have developed independently several times to enable insects to perceive sound. Using Laser Doppler Vibrometer technology, we study the biomechanics of insect ears, from bushcrickets (katydids) to locusts and moths. Electrophysiological studies provide information on how mechanical motions are transformed into neuronal signals in sensory cells.

Neural coding of auditory information

In this project, we investigate the processing of acoustic information coming from the ear in the forelegs in the first integration center, the prothoracic ganglion of bushcrickets. Here, neuronal information of a low number of sensory cells converge to ever fewer cells that project to the brain. Our goal is to understand the timing and precision of this processing step and to relate the finding to the behaviour of the katydid.

Neurobiological basis of acoustic communication in crickets

The behaviour of insects, in particular crickets, must be encoded in a neural network. The aim of this project is to understand the anatomy and function of these neuronal networks and also to reconstruct their evolution.

Insects in motion

Motion plays a major role for insects in finding food or mating partner. Using a high-speed video camera and sensitive force plates, we measure motion in various insects.

  • Involved people: Toni Wöhrl
  • Collaboration: Prof. Dr. Sebastian Oberst (University of Technology Sydney, Australia)
    Funding: DAAD

Diversity in mammal hearing, from anatomy to sound perception.

The mammalian inner ear shows an amazing intraspecific diversity, which we want to investigate. Adaptations to specific lifestyles are also reflected in the cochlea shape. In this project we investigate the diversity of the mammalian ear and how the cochlea shape changes when mammals (Carnivora) return to the water.

Impact of acoustic overstimulation on the efferent fibers of the hearing system in rodents.

The inner ear of mammals is very sensitive to noise. Too much sound can easily cause damage. In this project, we investigate how hearing changes in Mongolian gerbils after a noise trauma and what role efferent fibers play in this process.  

  • Involved people: Melisa Merdan Desik
  • Collaboration: Prof. Dr. Manfred Kössl (GU-Frankfurt)
    Funding: DFG

Preventing acoustic overstimulation in the workplace

Continuous exposure to noise in the workplace can be related to the development of noise-induced hearing loss. In this project we aim at testing hearing ability in employees that are exposed to noise in order to detect possible hidden hearing loss at an early stage.

  • Collaboration: Prof. Dr. Cristian Doble (FSU Jena, ENT Clink Jena)
    Funding: BGN Thüringen

 

Stefan Schöneich awarded a DFG grant

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